With the technology we have now, you can go and fly to any destination.
Thanks to the discovery and invention of the Wright Brothers that paved the way for the creation of modern aircraft that we now use today.
Many only know their names but few really know things about them and how they started.
Orville and Wilber Wright were American investors. Wilbur Ohio was born on April 16, 1867, while his brother Orville was born on August 19, 1871.
The two brothers grew up very close and their personalities complemented each other.
Orville was the type of person that was full of vigor and had a lot of ideas while Wilbur was the more mature one and wanted to get things done.
Wilbur initially wanted to attend Yale and be a clergyman.
But due to an injury that he incurred while he was playing hockey, he wasn’t able to pursue his education at Yale. But he continued to study in the next years.
His father owned a big library where he got the chance to still study although it was more of an information education.
When they were still young, the Wright brothers helped their dad in his journal work known as the Religious Telescope.
After a few years, they also started their own paper known as the West Side News.
They ventured into a business where they produced handouts and even commercial fliers.
Come 1892, the Wright brothers finally opened their own shop in Dayton- the Wright Cycle Shop. Their new shop involved a lot of mechanical devices where they got the opportunity.
Although the Wright brothers did not have any formal training and education in mechanical works, their business served as their platform to have knowledge of practical mechanics.
They were able to acquire the knowledge of building machines.
What made the Wright brothers very much interested in the art of flying was due to Otto Lilienthal, an aeronautical engineer.
When he died in 1896, the two brothers became more interested in continuing what he had started. They invested their time in gaining knowledge in the theoretical aspects and the art of flying.
How They Started
They started by mastering every important detail that needed to be mastered in the subject.
They created, tested and designed their own gliders and models and they even created an engine.
Although the brothers experienced failures where some of what they built were not adequate, they persisted and continued making more experiments.
What they had observed was that the initial attempted were not successful because the planes require the pilots to change its bodies in order to control it. So what they did was to control the plane by its wings.
When they returned in Dayton, they created a wind tunnel where they can control the wind flow to see its effect.
They tested hundreds of models and eventually chose the most suitable design.
In 1903, they came back to Kitty Hawk for more tests.
They created thousands of gliding flights and through their findings, they confirmed what they had previously observed.
After being able to created and control the air frame, the brothers were determined to try the powered flight.
First Powered Flight
The Wright brothers had to build their own engine based on the specifications they wanted since no one would.
They created 4 cylinders and a 12 horsepower unit. This was installed and the machine only weighed about 750 lbs.
The said machine was proven to have the capacity to travel at 31 miles per hour.
After they had successfully built their powered machine, they took it to Kitty Hawk and on December 17, 1903, the Wright brothers were able to make its powered flight.
Orville made the very first flight where the machine was able to last about 12 seconds at 120 feet.
In its 4th flight, Wilbur took over the controls and the plane was able to stay up in the air for about 59 seconds and had traveled 852 feet.
After their very first successful powered flight, the Wright brothers were more determined than ever to focus on their aviation. On May 22, 1906, they got the patent for their invention.
Three years after, the Wright brothers built the American Wright Company with Wilbur leading the business. But when he died in 1912, his brother got so depressed that he gave up his interest in the business.
Image Credits: bilhagolan